What is dyslexia ?


You can find plenty of definitions for dyslexia but the easiest way to understand it is that this term is used to describe a specific learning difficulty related poor reading and spelling and which does not affect the person’s intelligence. It can affect the short term memory and sometimes might be linked with other learning difficulties such as dyspraxia (motor coordination disorder) or dyscalculia (mathematics learning difficulty).

Pupils with dyslexia struggle with decoding words, letters, sounds, numbers or other symbols which makes reading and access to curriculum harder but achievable with the right support  which could be given at home using different resources, at school (especially in Dyslexia Friendly Schools) or with 1-1 tuition.

Not all people would experience the same difficulties and this is an important factor in choosing the right strategy in order to enable the pupils to get more confident and a feeling that they can achieve.


Nursery and reception

–      The child has difficulties in recognizing the letters and their sounds and would struggle to match the sound with the letter ( such as b, d)

–      The child struggles to connect the sounds and make words

–      Would find difficult to recognize and use syllables for syllabification

–      Would say some words incorrectly or reverse the order

–      Find it difficult to learn and use new words

–      Would find rhymes difficult

–      Their vocabulary would be less developed than in other children at the same age

–      Struggles to remember the names for the days of the week, months or the four seasons

KS1 and KS2

–      Reading and spelling is difficult

–      Tries to avoid reading loudly in class at home

–      Has difficulties in remembering numbers, facts, timetables

–      Has difficulties in remembering the tasks

–      Would confuse words especially homophones

–      Would change the order of the letters in a word

–      Would leave out letters from the word

–      Has trouble following some directions

–      Finds it difficult to learn words in a new language

–      Handwriting might be affected by improperly hold of the pencil

–      Affected by certain colours , would find difficult to read on white background, for example

–      Worded math’s problems would be difficult to solve

KS3 and upper

–      Low reading and spelling age

–      Difficulties across the curriculum

–      Finds it hard to read aloud

–      Long writing tasks are tougher (essays, summaries)

–      Trouble with understanding the learning objective, tasks

–      Difficulties with learning new languages

–      Finds it more difficult to give a presentation in front of the class

–      Problems with organization

–      Unsettled if there are sudden changes (timetable, cover teacher)

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